Renal Medullary Carcinoma (RMC)

Renal medullary carcinoma, commonly known as RMC, is a rare cancer of the kidneys. RMC is known to nearly exclusively affect young people of African ethnicity who carry sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait, or other sickle hemoglobinopathies.

Common symptoms of this kidney cancer include blood in the urine, pain around the kidney area, a mass in the abdomen. Less common symptoms of RMC include weight loss, night sweats, and fever. Renal medullary carcinoma is a highly aggressive cancer that is difficult to treat. Due to its aggressive nature, early detection is especially important for RMC. Treatments for renal medullary cancer include chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation.

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